sábado, 20 de fevereiro de 2016

Arara

Toy Art Arara

#NameOther names or spellingsLinguistic familyDemographic information
15AraraArara do Pará, UkaragmaKarib

Brazilian State/CountryPopulationSource/year
PA363Siasi/Sesai 2012



The Arara became infamous for their bellicosity and the trophies from captured bodies of enemies - heads for flutes, necklaces of teeth and face scalps. But now, there they are quite easy, and the interaction with the outside world, and even for the incorporation of foreign to native world calls attention to other aspects of their way of life. The virtual overlap between the warlike passion and constant willingness to establish supportive and generous relations seems to have been a hallmark of an Arara world that today gives way to contact relationships with the white world.

segunda-feira, 15 de fevereiro de 2016

Kamayurá

Toy Art Kamayurá

#NamesOther names or spellingsLinguistic FamilyDemographic Information
80KamayuráKamayuráTupí-Guaraní

Brazilian Estate/
Country
PopulationSource/Year
MT467Ipeax 2011



The kamayurá people (also Camaiurás or Kamayuras) are a Brazilian indigenous group. Inhabitants of the Xingu Indigenous Park, on the banks of the dividing line between two major rivers of the Xingu watershed, the kamayurá people belong to the Tupi-Guarani ethnic and linguistic group, being inserted in the cultural district of the Upper Xingu.

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The kamayurá people have a traditional system characterized by heterogeneity, due to the intense intertribal marriage process and energetic cohesion ties they have with other Indian companies in the same geographic space.

Among the indigenous group, there exists a peculiar civil organization system, characterized by a unique complex of immense Community hollow circularly arranged around a public yard. This space, formed from the convergence of four major roads, intended for the celebration of the rites and traditions relating to the cosmology of the people. The housing, primarily made up of bamboo and straw, can reach thirty meters long and accommodate several families, according to ancestry held.

The society, though rigidly patriarchal, do not overlook the female role, charging the women of the protection of children, maintenance of domestic order, planting and harvesting of root crops and preparing food, while the responsibility of the man protein obtaining and the plantation cleaning in which will be planted cassava.

Location

At the time of the first non-Indian contact, led by the German ethnologist Karl von den Steinen, in 1886, the kamayurá people were in late stage sedentary, sitting near the Ipavu pond, where they remain to this day. According to traditional accounts, widely accepted among the indigenous, people would come from Wawitsa, located in the northern part of the park. The region, which flow into the main tributaries of the Xingu basin, has a prominent space in the cosmology of the ethnic group.

Physical organization

The Kamaiurá housing structures have distinguished influences of the high Xingu architectural style and can reach up to thirty meters long and ten meters high. With a wooden structure and mostly covered bamboo thatched or palm leaves, hollow enjoy collective status, showing no type of internal divisions. Marginally to the center of the room, from which protrudes a single wooden pillar, crowding the families of the clan, while the most internal environments are intended for food storage and maintenance of fire.

The village, in turn, is a single core settlement, consisting of a square (camaiurá language: hoka'yterip) plant in whose surroundings rise the huts, a circular distribution. Nuclear to hoka'yterip, stands the house of the flutes where acondicionam flutes used in shamanic rituals. Access to such a structure, and the use of flutes, is restricted to village men, blaming women who violate the ban worth of gang rape.

Anthropomorphic House of Kamayurá

The house is typical of the ethnic group that lives in the Xingu. It consists of an oval structure of 8 meters wide, 12 long and 6 high, with three central pillars. The hollow was already built many decades ago as part of the tradition of Kamayura and Yawalapitis, but to build this hollow, in particular, a project was created by Aiupu Kamayurá, who is an architect and teaches a few lessons of discipline "Construction of Knowledge" at the University of Brasilia, UnB.


Anthropomorphic House of Kamayurá - parts of the house are directly related to body parts

Anuiá, the son of Aiupu says that to make a hollow of this size are needed 13 men, who will work for about 15 days. "Even with the delay of three days because of the material, I think we'll be able to finish the hollow in time," says Anuiá. In Yawalapiti village in Xingu there is a main hollow call for them in the big house. This space is used for sleeping, eating and socializing. This hollow is 12 meters wide, 30 meters long and 10 meters high and holds about eight families.

According Anuiá are being used bamboo, nails, eucalyptus wood, straw and wire in building this hollow. They are about 48 eucalyptus stumps, three major trunks, plus more than 13,000 straws for coverage. In houses made in the village of Xingu, the Yawalapiti use other materials such as imbira (a kind of ties) and sapé (a specific straw found there).

The brother Anuiá, Wally, is learning from his father a little about architecture and explained how the structure of the hollow and the stages of construction. He said the foundation began to be made on Saturday and consists of three main pillars, the 48 stumps around and the finest trunks of eucalyptus, going to the top. With the arrival of materials, women helped peel the woods to continue building.

After this base, the finest trunks are tied to so-called "ribs" of the hollow, who hold the straw and also serve to tie the networks when it is ready. Are total four or five horizontal ribs which unite all the eucalyptus trees, giving the hollow oval. The higher the rib, it is lower. In the end, it made the finish of the frame and then the straws are woven, from the bottom up.

The labor

The work starts early, at 7:30 am. They stop for lunch and a little rest and in the afternoon, return to work. The construction of hollow, women's work is different from that done by men. They help peeling trunks and making the food. The men work directly with the construction, lifting the entire structure of the house.

At dusk, when the sun goes down, they conclude the work and prepare for the evening activities. Around eight hours, Kamayura dine and under the starry sky, perform their songs and rituals.

Cultural Habits

Admission of Indian young adult atmosphere requires a period of assisted closure, which usually starts by virtue of the first characters of puberty. During the cycle, teenagers are isolated in specific housing structure, where they have limited social contact to the presence of parents and grandparents. Those who keep such relationship, then commit themselves for productive education of indigenous, with particular emphasis on activities related to teen sex and how to perform them. On the occasion, the boys are educated about the practice of huka-huka, a ritual martial art often associated with cosmological festivities of the people.


Huka - Huka 


Although, for teenagers, early seclusion is tightly related to the menstruation, for male ones require the mutual consent of their parents. The education process extends indefinitely, and yet the female permanence rarely extends for more than a year, the boys can espaçarem-enclosed for up to five times, interspersed with brief access freedom. During the occasion, the girls have their knees tied together by fibrous cords, so that the calf will become more robust by fluid buildup. Similarly, they are deprived of a haircut, so that at the end of the rite, the long strands of fringe obscure part of their faces. Once the capillary extension of adolescents reaches chin height, they are released from confinement.

he average duration of the rite is related to hereditary status that accompanies the young, so that more reclusive space implies proportionately greater power and importance among the Indians of the village. At the end of the cloister, it is given a final name to the young man who comes to replace the name given by virtue of his birth. The time mark, similarly, the ability to double rites.

Completing a remarkable cultural space, infanticide is often associated with cultural people's system, although they have no exclusivity in carrying out the practice. The children of a single mother, congenital malformation holders and twins, are the main targets of this ritual, which, although it is quite rooted in the context of people's traditions, generates differences between the village members themselves. Newborns indigenous when they fall into any of the aforementioned reasons, are usually buried still alive, but may also be executed by drowning. Currently, kamayurá people every year, despite the FUNAI offer adoption services for children rejected kill approximately thirty indigenous children.

Recreational games and activities

The playful repertoire of indigenous Kamayura, characterized by an outstanding diversity of performative expressions, presents itself in the form of jokes and games to enjoy remarkable popularity among the members of the group. Such activities, especially practiced by children and men of the tribe, make up an important part of everyday life of the people and can, incidentally, involve specific instruments to an end. Some of these tools have unique mechanisms, like a curious child's toy, which made from bamboo and jute yarn, throws a weak jet of water under pressure.

Mojarutap Myrytsiowit: cat bed of play, as it is known in Portuguese, is the production of several figures using two fibrous cords rolled between the fingers. The resulting forms, usually geometric or anthropomorphic, constitute one of the most outstanding examples of creative production of kamayurá people having clear influence of traditional folk cosmology.

Jawari: using a kind of blowgun, produced especially for this purpose, a group of competitors launch artifacts pointed toward a fence previously organized sticks. Behind the fence, line up the other revelers, so that it works as a shield against the spears hurled by competitors. As the spears reach the sticks forming a wobbly wall, the Indians who were originally behind this wall must deviate from the arrows, without, however, move their feet.

Society

The Kamayura society is organized into well-defined hierarchies estamentárias, characterized by strong patriarchy and usually transmitted by heredity. The tribal chief, the chief, is the maximum attainable status within the village limits, serving mediator roles and regulatory conflicts among the other Indians. The Shaman charge of shamanic rites, in turn, focuses minimized political powers, nevertheless brings with it great prestige and appreciation among the members of the tribe. In some cases, an indigenous one can concentrate mystical and political powers, which further increases the individual's reputation.


Feminine attire Kamayurá

They live in burrows family, which usually revolve around a group of brothers who may or may not be accompanied by parallel cousins and ancestors. The leader of the domestic space, known as the master of the house (camaiurá: morerekwat), is in charge of the distribution of daily tasks between satellites clans. There, among the village members, a strong polygamous tradition, so that a large number of wives indicates proportionately greater social status. Her husband, the acquisition of a new wife calls and the possibility of keeping them in comfortable conditions, permission of existing ones.

Traditionally, young newlyweds must reside for a predetermined period of time with the in-laws, performing favors in thanks to the transfer of her daughter. Fulfilled the agreement, the couple can choose which residence is established, which is usually the husband's house of origin.

Aikanã

Toy Art Aikanã

#NameOuther names or spellings linguistic FamilyDemographic Information
1AikanãMassacá, Tubarão, Columbiara, Mundé, Huari, AikanáAikaná
Brazilian Estate / CountryPopulationSource/Year
RO328Siasi/Sesai 2012

The Aicanãs (also known as Aikanã, Massaca massaka, Huari, Corumbiará, Kasupá, Munde, Shark, Winzankyi) is a Brazilian indigenous people. They speak the language aicanã.

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The Aicanãns worship the myth of Kiantô, a giant snake with rainbow colors presiding over the realm of water.

The Indigenous Land that now inhabits most Aikanã does not correspond to their traditional territory. (See list of "Inhabited Lands" in the right menu) were taken there by Funai in 1970, along with two other indigenous peoples. Given the low fertility of the soil, they drew sustenance from the syringe, but, due to the fall in the price of the product, now encounter serious difficulties in their physical and cultural reproduction. Far from to resign themselves to this situation, Aikanã currently developing cultural development projects and seek to keep alive the language through bilingual schooling.

History

According to information given by Aikanã own until the time of their transfer, they inhabited rich lands nearby Tanaru, one of the smallest rivers in the region, the River Pimenta Bueno.

To be removed for the current Indigenous Land, they were taken with two other people, both very small number, the Koazá (also spelled Kwaza), then known as Arara, and Latundê. It is noteworthy that these were different people, each bringing their culture and speaking their own language. In stories of their ancestors, the Aikanã describe Koazá as fierce warriors, dangerous sorcerers and their bitter enemies.

According to anthropologist and researcher Price (1981), in 1940 the Indian Protection Service has opened a service center in Igarapé Cascade, a tributary of the Pimenta Bueno, and were brought there several indigenous groups, including the Aikanã. Here, then, measles and strong colds caused the death of a large number of individuals, these leaving groups significantly reduced. The oldest Aikanã confirms these facts.

Apparently, the first closer contacts that we know of between Aikanã and the non-indigenous population was in the early 1940s, through geological engineer Vitor Dequech, whom I had the opportunity to meet in the 1990s with a team prepared for minerals survey sent by General Rondon, between 1941 and 1943, led the Dequech Urucumacuan Expedition, who traveled through the area for potential gold deposits in the Pimenta Bueno river and its tributaries. In that period, kept frequent contacts with the Indians of the region, including Aikanã - that he referred to as "Massaca" and documented in detail, all the contacts and activities undertaken during his trip. This contact is recorded in past issues of the Journal High Wood, published in those years in Porto Velho.

Aikanã is the name of one of about forty indigenous peoples who inhabit the state of Rondonia, especially in the known region of the Guaporé, the so-called 'lowlands' of the Amazon. The Guaporé River is the main divider between the borders of this state with Bolivia.

In 2005, most Aikanã live in three villages in the Indigenous Land Shark Latundê, them designated by Incra in 1970. This area of sandy and corroded by erosion terrain is in the southeastern state of Rondônia, about 180 km the city of Vilhena and around 100 km from the border between Brazil and Bolivia. The nearest rivers are the Chupinguaia and Pimenta Bueno, but access to them is greatly hindered. There are still many Aikanã living in nearby towns, especially Vilhena.

In the first contact made with Aikanã by this researcher, in December 1988, there were a total of 85 individuals. In 2005, Aikanã numbered about 180 people.

List of Brazilian indigenous peoples of Brazil


This list brought together more than 241 ethnic groups of Indigenous people in Brazil.

I’ve used Pib Socioambiental framework for this study, it was the most organized and well arranged research on the subject, so by clicking on a specific ethnic group that does not have an illustrated character, the link will led you to original site. Unfortunately, texts still are written in Portuguese, but in time, I’ll translate all of them into English.





#
Ethnies Names
Other names and spellings
linguistic family
demographic information
1
Massacá, Tubarão, Columbiara, Mundé, Huari, Aikaná
Aikaná
State/Country
Population
Source/Year
RO
328
Siasi/Sesai 2012
2
Suruí, Sororós, Aikewara
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
351
Siasi/Sesai 2012
3
Akunt'su
Tupari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
5
Siasi/Sesai 2012
4
Amanaié, Araradeua
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
131
Siasi/Sesai 2012
5
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
113
Siasi/Sesai 2012
6
Anacé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
1281
Siasi/Sesai 2012
7
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
131
Siasi/Sesai 2012
8
Apalai, Apalay, Appirois, Aparathy, Apareilles, Aparai
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
466
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana Francesa
40
Eliane Camargo 2011
Suriname
10
Eliane Camargo 2011
9
Apiacá
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT. PA
844
Siasi/Sesai 2012
10
Apinaié, Apinajés, Timbira, Apinayé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO
2412
Siasi/Sesai 2012
11
Ipurina, Popukare
Aruak-maipure
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM, MT,RO
8300
Siasi/Sesai 2012
12
Aranã
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MG
362
Funasa 2010
13
Arapasso, Arapaço
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
414
Siasi/Sesai 2012
14
Arapium
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
2204
Siasi/Sesai 2012
15
Arara do Pará, Ukaragma
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
363
Siasi/Sesai 2012
16
Arara do Maia
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
110
Siasi/Sesai 2012
17
Arara do Rio Amônia
Apolima-Arara, Arara Apolima
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
297
Siasi/Sesai 2012
18
Arara do Beiradão, Arara do Aripuanã
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
391
Siasi/Sesai 2012
19
Arara do Acre, Shawanaua
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
545
Siasi/Sesai 2012
20
Araueté, Bïde
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
450
Siasi/Sesai 2012
21
Jabuti
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
34
Siasi/Sesai 2012
22
Mondé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
133
Siasi/Sesai 2012
23
Kampa, Ashenika
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
1291
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Peru
97477
INEI 2007
24
Akuawa, Asurini
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO
516
Siasi/Sesai 2012
25
Assurini, Awaete
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
165
Siasi/Sesai 2012
26
Aticum
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE, BA
7929
Siasi/Sesai 2012
27
Canoeiro, Cara-Preta, Carijó
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO, GO, MG
25
Siasi/Sedsi 2012
28
Awytyza, Enumaniá, Anumaniá, Auetö
Aweti
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
195
Ipeax 2011
29
Bacairi, Kurã, Kurâ
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
930
Siasi/Sesai 2012
30
Arawá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
200
Siasi/Sesai 2012
31
Baniva, Baniua, Curipaco, Walimanai
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
6243
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia
7000
2000
Venezuela
2408
INE 2001
32
Bara tukano, Waípinõmakã
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
22
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia
296
1988
33
Panenoá
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
47
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia
939
1998
34
Hanera
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
10623
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Venezuela
2815
INE 2001
35
Borari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
36
Coxiponé, Araripoconé, Araés, Cuiabá, Coroados, Porrudos, Boe
Bororo
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
1686
Siasi/Sesai 2012
37
Canela, Timbira
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
1076
Siasi/Sesai 2012
38
Canela, Timbira
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
2175
Siasi/Sesai 2012
39
Chamacoco
Samuko
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MS
40
Grumberg 1994
Paraguai
1515
II Censo Nacional Indígena 2002
40
Charrua
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
Argentina
676
INDEC 2004
RS
27
Siasi/Sesai 2012
41
Chiquito
Chiquito
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
Bolivia
108206
Censo Nacional 2001
MT
473
Siasi/Funasa 2012
42
Matetamãe
Mondé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, RO
1758
Siasi/Sesai 2012
43
Curipaco, Curripaco, Kuripako
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1504
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia
7827
Arango e Sánchez 2004
Venezuela
4925
INEI 2001
44
Jamamadi
Arawá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1394
Siasi/Sesai 2012
45
Desano, Dessano
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
2028
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia
2036
1998
46
Jaboti
Jabuti
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
215
Siasi/Sesai 2012
47
Maku, Kamã, Nukak Maku
Makú
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
110
DSEI Alto Rio Negro 2013
48
Enauenê nauê, Salumã, Enawenê-nawê
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
641
Siasi/Sesai 2012
49
Ia-tê
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
4687
Siasi/Sesai 2012
50
Galibi, Kalinã
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP
82
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana Francesa
3000
OkaMag 2002
Suriname
3000
OkaMag 2002
Venezuela
11150
OkaMag 2002
51
Galibi do Uaçá, Aruá
Creoulo
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP
2377
Siasi/Sesai 2001
52
Gavião do Mãe Maria, Gavião do Oeste, Timbira, Parkatejê
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
627
Siasi/Sesai 2012
53
Gavião do Maranhão, Gavião Pukobiê, Gavião do Leste, Timbira, Pykopcatejê
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
740
Siasi/Sesai 2012
54
Avá, Awá
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
365
Siasi/Sesai 2012
55
Guajajara, Tenetehara
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
26040
Siasi/Sesai 2012
56
Kaiowá, Mbya, Ñandeva
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
Argentina
6500
CTI/Grünberg 2008
Bolivia
78359
INE/Bolivia 2001
MS,SP,PR,RS,RJ,ES
57923
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Paraguai
41200
CTI/Grünberg 2008
57
Guató
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MS, MT
374
Siasi/Sesai 2012
58
Hixkariana
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA,AM
1242
Siasi/Sesai 2012
59
Maku, Macu
Makú
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1000
Patricia 2012
Colombia
500
Patriciia 2012
60
Gavião de Rondônia, Gavião Ikolen, Digut
Mondé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
603
Siasi/Sesai 2012
61
Txicão, Ikpeng
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
454
Siasi/Sesai 2012
62
Akawaio, Kapon
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR
1231
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana
4000
1990
Venezuela
728
1992
63
Irantxe, Manoki
Iranxe
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
396
Siasi/Sesai 2012
64
Yamamadi, Kanamanti
Arawá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
890
Siasi?Sesai 2012
65
Jarauara
Arawá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
218
Funasa 2010
66
Karajá/Javaé, Itya Mahãdu
Karajá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
GO, TO
1456
Funasa 2009
67
Payaku
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
302
Funasa 2010
68
Jahoi, Diarroi, Djarroi, Parintintin, Diahoi, Diahui, Kagwaniwa
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
97
Funasa 2010
69
Jeripancó, Geripancó
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
2074
Funasa 2010
70
Yuma
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
4
Luciana França 2010
71
Urubu Kaapor, Kaapor
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA, PA
991
Funasa 2006
72
Kaduveo, Caduveo, Kadivéu, Kadiveo
Guaikuru
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MS
1346
Funasa 2009
73
Kawaiwete, Kayabi, Caiabi, Kaiaby, Kajabi, Cajabi
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
2202
Siasi/Sesai 2012
74
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
710
Funasa 2006
75
Guayanás

UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PR, RS, SC, SP
33064
Funasa 2009
76
Caixana
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
572
Funasa 2010
77
Kalabaça
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
221
Funasa 2010
78
Cacalancó
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
390
Funasa 2009
79
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
385
Ipeax 2011
80
Kamayurá
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
467
Ipeax 2011
81
Kamba
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MS
82
Cambemba, Omaguá
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
780
Funasa 2010
Peru
3500
Benedito Maciel 1994
83
Cambiua
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
2954
Funasa 2010
84
Canamari, Tukuna
Katukina
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
3167
Funasa 2010
85
Kanindé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
714
Funasa 2010
86
Canoe, Kapixaná, Kapixanã
Kanoe
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
282
Siasi/Sesai 2012
87
Cantaruré, Pankararu
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
340
Funasa 2010
88
Capinawa
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
3702
Funasa 2009
89
Caraiauna, Iny
Karajá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
GO, MT, PA, TO
3198
Funasa 2010
90
Xambioá, Ixybiowa, Iraru Mahãndu, Karajá do Norte
Karajá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO
268
Funasa 2010
91
Muteamasa, Ukopinõpõna
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
63
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
412
1988
92
Karapotó
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
2189
Funasa 2006
93
Ahé, Karipuna, Ahé
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
28
Funasa 2010
94
Creoulo
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP
2421
Funasa 2010
95
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
118
Funasa 2010
96
Kariri-Xocó
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
2311
Funasa 2009
97
Caritiana, Yjxa
Arikén
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
320
2005
98
Arara de Rondônia, Arara Karo, Arara Tupi, Ntogapíd, Ramaráma, Urukú, Urumí, I´târap
Ramarama
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
208
Kanindé 2006
99
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
1013
Funasa 2010
100
Kassupá
Aikaná
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
210
MPF em RO 2011
101
Katuenayana
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM, PA, RR
133
Funasa 2010
102
Tukuna
Katukina do Rio Biá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
462
Funasa 2010
103
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
594
Funasa 2010
104
Caxarari
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM, RO
318
Funasa 2010
105
Cashinauá, Caxinauá, Huni Kuin, huni kuin
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
7535
Funasa 2010
Peru
2419
INEI 2007
106
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MG
308
Funasa 2010
107
Caxuiana, Katxuyana
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
350
João do Valle Kaxuyana 2009
108
Kaiapó, Caiapó, Gorotire, Mekrãgnoti, Kuben-Kran-Krên, Kôkraimôrô, Metyktire, Xikrin, Kararaô, Mebengokre
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, PA
8638
Funasa 2010
109
Kinikinao, Kinikinawa, Guaná
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MS
250
Souza 2005
110
Kariri
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
2182
Funasa 2010
111
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
330
Unifesp 2010
112
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
1263
Funasa 2009
113
Cocama, Kocama
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
9636
Funasa 2010
Colombia
236
1988
Peru
11370
INEI 2007
114
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
27
FPEVJ 2010
115
Wanana
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
735
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
1113
1988
116
Craô, Kraô, Timbira, Mehin
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO
2463
Funasa 2010
117
Krahô-Kanela
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO
84
Funasa 2010
118
Crenaque, Crenac, Krenac, Botocudos, Aimorés, Krén
Krenák
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, MG, SP
350
Funasa 2010
119
Krenyê
Timbira
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
120
Krepumkateyê
Timbira
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
121
Kricati, Kricatijê, Põcatêjê, Timbira, Kricatijê
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MA
921
Funasa 2010
122
Cubeo, Cobewa, Kubéwa, Pamíwa
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
489
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia
4238
1988
Venezuela
25
INEI 2001
123
Ipatse ótomo, Ahukugi ótomo, Lahatuá ótomo
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
522
Ipeax 2011
124
Kujubim
Kuyubi
Txapakura
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
55
Funasa 2006
125
Culina, Madiha, Madija
Arawa
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
5558
Funasa 2010
Peru
417
INEI 2007
126
Kulina Pano
Culina
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
134
Funasa 2010
127
Kontanawa, Contanawa
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
400
Pantoja 2008
128
Xipáia-Kuruáia, Kuruaia
Munduruku
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
159
Funai/Altamira 2010
129
Coaiá, Koaiá
Koazá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
40
Van der Voort 2008
130
Yeba-masã
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
32
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
528
Colômbia 1988
131
Macurap
Tupari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
478
Funasa 2010
132
Macuxi, Macushi, Pemon
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR
29931
Funasa 2010
Guiana
9500
Guiana 2001
Venezuela
83
INEI 2001
133
Machineri, Yine
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
Bolivia
15
Censo Nacional 2001
AC
997
Siasi/Sesai 2012
Peru
90
INEI 2007
134
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1705
Funasa 2010
135
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
149
Ipeax 2011
136
Mushabo, Deshan Mikitbo
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
390
Funasa 2010
137
Mayoruna
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1592
Funasa 2006
Peru
1724
INEI 2007
138
Maxacalis, Monacó, Kumanuxú, Tikmuún, Kumanaxú - tikmu'ún
Maxakali
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MG
1500
Funasa 2010
139
Meinaco, Meinacu, Meinaku
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
254
Ipeax 2011
140
Munku, Menku, Myky, Manoki
Iranxe
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
102
Funasa 2010
141
Migueleno
Miqueleno
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
242
2010
142
Mirana
Bora
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
836
Funasa 2006
Colombia
445
Colômbia 1988
143
Buia-tapuya
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
75
Dsei/Foirn 2005
144
Mundurucu, Maytapu, Cara Preta, Wuyjuyu
Munduruku
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM, MT, PA
11630
Funasa 2010
145
Mura
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
15713
Funasa 2010
146
Macú Nadob; Maku Nadeb
Makú
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
147
Nafukwá, Nahkwá, Nafuquá, Nahukwá
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
126
Ipeax 2011
148
Nambiquara, Anunsu
Nambikwára
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, RO
1950
Funasa 2010
149
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
81
Fiorini 2003
150
Náua
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
423
Correia 2005
151
Nuquini
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
622
Funasa 2010
152
Ofaié-Xavante
Ofayé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MS
60
Funasa 2010
153
Oro Towati', Oroin, Uruin, Oro Win, Oro Towati'
Txapakura
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
73
Funasa 2010
154
Paricuria, Paricores, Palincur, Parikurene, Parinkur-Iéne, Païkwené, Païkwené
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP
1293
Iepé 2010
Guiana Francesa
720
Passes 1994
155
Kreen-Akarore, Krenhakore, Krenakore, Índios Gigantes
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, PA
437
Funasa 2010
156
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
157
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
2558
Funasa 2010
158
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
1640
Funasa 2010
159
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MG, PE, SP
8477
Funasa 2010
160
Pankararu-Salambaia
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
179
Funasa 2006
161
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
1266
Funai/Altamira 2010
162
Pareci, Halíti, Arití
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, RO
1955
Siasi/Sesai 2012
163
Cabahyba
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
418
Funasa 2010
164
Patamona
Ingarikó, Kapon
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR
128
Funasa 2010
Guiana
5500
1990
165
Patachó, Patashó, Pataso
Patxó
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA, MG
11833
Funasa 2010
166
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
2375
Funasa 2010
167
Pamoari
Arawá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1559
Funasa 2010
168
Payayá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
169
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
1640
Funasa 2006
170
Mura Pirahã
Mura
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
420
Funasa 2010
171
Piratapuya, Piratapuyo, Piratuapuia, Pira-Tapuya
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1433
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
400
1988
172
Potiguara, Pitaguari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
3793
Funasa 2010
173
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE, PB
16095
Funasa 2009
174
Puroborá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
209
Funasa 2010
175
Poianaua
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
540
Funasa 2010
176
Erigbaktsa, Canoeiros, Orelhas de Pau, Rikbaktsá
Rikbaktsá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
1324
Funasa 2010
177
Sakiriabar, Mequéns, Sakurabiat
Tupari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
161
Funasa 2010
178
Sateré-Maué
Mawé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
10761
Funasa 2010
179
Katukina Shanenawa, Shanenawa
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AC
411
Funasa 2010
180
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
71
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
665
1988
181
Paiter, Paiter
Mondé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, RO
1172
Funasa 2010
182
Tabajara
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
2856
Funasa 2010
183
Beiço de pau, Suyá Novos, Suyá Ocidentais, Kajkwakratxi, Kajkwakratxi
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
160
Ropkrãse Suiá e Teptanti Suiá 2010
184
Tapebano, Perna-de-pau
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
6600
Funasa 2010
185
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, TO
655
Funasa 2010
186
Tapuya, Tapuia
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
GO
298
Funai/Goiás Velho 2010
187
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
2067
Funasa 2010
Colombia
205
1988
188
Tatuyo
Pamoa-masa
Tukano
189
Taulipang, Taurepangue, Taulipangue, Pemon
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR
673
Funasa 2010
Venezuela
27157
INE 2001
190
Tenetehara
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM, PA
1502
Funasa 2010
191
Kagwahiva
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
703
Funasa 2010
192
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT, MS, SP
24776
Funasa 2009
193
Tikuna, Tukuna, Maguta
Tikuna
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
36377
Funasa 2009
Colombia
8000
Goulard, J. P. 2011
Peru
6982
INEI 2007
194
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
390
Siasi/Sesai 2012
195
Tirió, Trio, Tarona, Yawi, Pianokoto, Piano, Wü tarëno, Txukuyana, Ewarhuyana, Akuriyó
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP, PA
1464
Funasa 2010
Suriname
1845
Ellen-Rose Kambel 2006
196
Txapakura
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
312
Funasa 2006
197
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
CE
2971
Funasa 2010
198
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA, PE
3078
Funasa 2009
199
Trumái
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
97
Ipeax 2011
200
Tucano, Tukano, Tukún Djapá, Tukano Djapá, Txunhuân Djapá, Tsunhuam Djapa,
Katukina
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
201
Ye´pâ-masa, Dasea
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
6241
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
6330
1988
Venezuela
11
INE 2001
202
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
1160
Funasa 2010
203
Tunayana
Karíb
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
204
Tupari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
517
Funasa 2010
205
Tupinambá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
BA
4729
Funasa 2009
206
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
ES
2630
Funasa 2010
207
Turiwara
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
208
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL, BA, PE
2142
Funasa 2010
209
Tuiuca
Tukano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
825
Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia
570
1988
210
Barbados, Omotina
Bororo
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
445
Associação Indígena Umutina Otoparé 2009
211
Bocas-negras, Bocas-pretas, Cautários, Sotérios, Cabeça-vermelha, Urupain, Jupaú, Amondawa, Urupain, Parakuara, Jurureís
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
115
Funasa 2010
212
Kinja, Kiña, Uaimiry, Crichaná
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
1515
PWA 2011
213
Karíb
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM, PA, RR
2914
Zea 2005
Guiana
170
Weparu Alemán 2006
214
Wayapi, Wajapi, Oiampi
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP,PA
956
Siasi/Funasa 2010
Guiana Francesa
950
Grenand 2009
215
Tupari
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
240
Siasi/Sesai 2012
216
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR
7832
Funasa 2010
Guiana
6000
Forte 1990
Venezuela
17
INE 2001
217
Werekena
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
887
Funasa 2010
Venezuela
513
INE 2001
218
Uari, Wari, Pakaá Nova
Txapakura
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RO
2721
Funasa 2006
219
Wassu
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL
1806
Funasa 2010
220
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
529
Siasi/Sesai 2012
221
Upurui, Roucouyen, Orkokoyana, Urucuiana, Urukuyana, Alucuyana, Wayana
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AP, PA
304
Funasa 2010
Guiana Francesa
800
Lopes 2002
Suriname
500
Lopes 2002
222
Witoto
Uitoto
Witoto
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
44
Funasa 2010
Colombia
5939
1988
Peru
1864
INEI 2007
223
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MG
9196
Funasa 2010
224
Akwe, A´uwe
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
15315
Funasa 2010
225
Acuen, Akwen, Akwê
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
TO
3017
Funasa 2010
226
héta, chetá, setá
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PR
86
da Silva 2006
227
Xipáya
Juruna
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
84
Funai/Altamira 2010
228
Aweikoma, Xokrén, Kaingang de Santa Catarina, Aweikoma-Kaingang, Laklanõ
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
SC
1853
Funasa 2010
229
Chocó, Xocó
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
SE
400
Funasa 2010
230
Xucuru
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PE
12139
Funasa 2010
231
Xucuru
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AL, BA
2926
Funasa 2010
232
Iaminaua, Jaminawa
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
Bolivia
630
1997
AC, AM
1298
Funasa 2010
Peru
600
INEI 2007
233
Yanoama, Yanomani, Ianomami
Yanomami
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR, AM
19338
DSEI Yanomami - Sesai 2011
Venezuela
16000
2009
234
Aruak
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
156
Ipeax 2011
235
Iauanaua
Pano
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
Bolivia
630
1993
AC
541
Funasa 2010
Peru
324
1993
236
Yecuana, Maiongong, So'to
Karib
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
RR
471
Sesai 2011
Venezuela
6523
INE 2001
237
Yuruna, Sanumá, Juruna, Yudja
Juruna
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
348
Unifesp 2010
238
Macu; Maku Yuhúp
Makú
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
239
Poturu
Tupi-Guarani
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
PA
256
Cartagenes 2010
240
Pangyjej
Mondé
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
MT
625
Associação Povo Indígena Zoró Pangyjej 2010
241
Suruwahá, Índios do Coxodoá
Arawá
UF / País
População
Fonte/Ano
AM
142
Funasa 2010